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Challenge / Goal

NOTE: This best practice was sourced by the ENTRANCE consortium from publicly-available information.

The project goal was to develop a new type of "public transport on demand" mobility concept based on autonomous, electrically powered minibuses and networking with existing bus and rail lines. The organization of road traffic, in particular the information technology and organizational interaction with passenger-operated local public transport vehicles, has been researched. The project also dealt intensively with social aspects and researched user behavior and the acceptance of passengers as well as the legal aspects of autonomous vehicles in public transport. Due to the settlement structure and transport infrastructure, some parts of the state Schleswig-Holstein, especially in North Frisia, can only be reached by public transport with a large amount of time. This limited accessibility has a direct impact on the attractiveness of these regions as well as the quality of life of the people. A demand-responsive, autonomously driving should offer the possibility to develop new person-oriented mobility services for central mobility bottlenecks in rural areas. The target groups of the new services are not only the elderly and mobility-impaired in general, but also families, young people or single parents in rural areas.


The Solution involved:

  1. Looking for funding
  2. Execution of the project with regularly project meetings and different work packages like for example energy management analysis, analysis of the legal framework, implementation of safety tests, acceptance analysis, creation of the software (app), project management, public relations, route and bus selection, handling of approval processes etc.
  3. Benefits for end-users (passengers) was the opportunity to test this new way of autonomous driving in an emission-free and noiseless way with different vehicles in different scenarios free of charge
  4. Three different test scenarios in Germany: the district of North Frisia on private road premises on the GreenTEC Campus in Enge-Sande; in the district of North Frisia on public roads in Keitum on the North Sea island of Sylt; in planning in the district of Dithmarschen in the villages of Lunden and Lehe on public roads

Citizen participation

User workshops, passenger surveys based on questionnaires and information events have taken place to keep the public informed about the project. Also, press releases were published throughout the whole project period.


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Time period

Planning time: Less than 6 months

Implementation time: 2 to 5 years


EurA AG (project coordination)

Service providers

EurA AG, GreenTEC Campus GmbH, Sylter Verkehrsgesellschaft, Autokraft GmbH, Interlink GmbH, Fastleansmart GmbH, Moteg GmbH, Christian-Albrechts-University in Kiel

End users

Training participants and interested people as passengers on the private campus scenario; tourists and inhabitants of the North sea island Sylt in Keitum; commuter traffic with passengers between two villages in connection to a railway station

Direct customers

Traders of private commercial campuses, Public transport operator

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